Travel Rulings

/Travel Rulings
Travel Rulings 2018-06-12T14:17:21+00:00

Travel Rulings

On this page you will find various useful tools regarding travel for Shi’as, and many common issues which people face. Please choose which option you’d like to view:

Fasting & Travel
This section helps you determine if you need to fast during your trip, answers FAQs, & includes a downloadable guide
Qasr Prayers in Travel
This section provides Qibla directions while on a plane, prayer direction from any location globally, and how to pray Qasr Salat
Travel from the GTA
This section caters to those who live in the Greater Toronto Area with an interactive map that helps determine whether you're travelling outside of city boundaries

Fasting During Travel?

Prepared by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi ©Al-Ma’arif

Use the form below to determine whether you should fast during your travels. If you’re located in the Toronto area, you can use the map further below to determine your exact distance of travel from the city limits.

Are you travelling out of city limits at a minimum distance of 44km one-way OR 44KM round-trip? Choose the Yes or No button accordingly.

You haven’t traveled far from city limits. Your fast is valid and should be carried out as normal.

Your fast is invalid.

Will you be in the same city for at least 10 continuous days?

Yes
Fast for the duration of the stay,
starting after the day of travel.
Make up for the missed fast(s) after Ramadhan.
No
You cannot fast during your stay.
Make up for the missed fast(s) after Ramadhan.

Your fast is valid. Continue fasting until Maghrib time at your current location.

Will you be in the same city for at least 10 continuous days?

Yes
Fast for the duration of the stay.
No
You cannot fast during your stay.
(ie after the day of arrival)
Make up for the missed fast(s) after Ramadhan.

Travelling & Ramadhan

Click here to download the Fasting & Ramadhan Guide, written by Syed Muhammad Rizvi. (© 2017, 2nd Edition)

This booklet includes:

  • What to do when travelling in Ramadhan
  • Qaza, Fidya, & Kaffara Explained
  • Medicine use while fasting
  • Who is exempt from fasting
  • Spiritual dimensions of fasting
  • Ramadhan Resolutions

Travel Rulings Explained

FAQs for Travelling & Fasting

Prepared by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi ©Al-Ma’arif Foundation

  • If you travel after the zuhr time, then that day’s fast is okay.
  • Once you reach the new place which is now your new home, then you can also fast for the remaining days of Ramadhan.
  • However, if you travel before the zuhr time, then your fast of that day will not be valid unless you reach the other city before it is zuhr time. But if you reach the new city after zuhr, then your fast of that day is not valid.
  • If you travel after the zuhr time, then that day’s fast is okay.
  • However, if you travel before zuhr time, then your fast of that day will not be valid.
  • If you did not eat or drink anything while you were out of town and you return before zuhr time, then you can do the niyyat and fast on that day.
  • Because you left after Zuhr time, the fast of that day will be valid
  • However, your journey and the 10 consecutive days is now broken, even if you return before Fajr the next day. Therefore you will not be fasting after that day. When you are staying in a foreign city, leaving the city boundaries immediately breaks the 10 day count.
  • For making up Qaza fasts, you will use the calendar of the city you’re currently present in, not the city where the fast was missed
  • You would commemorate the nights of Qadr according to the calendar of the city you are present in, not your hometown calendar
  • If you travel after zuhr, then your day’s fast is valid. If you decided to stay there overnight and return the next day before zuhr, then the next day’s fast is also valid as long as you did not eat or drink anything while you were out of town since Fajr.
  • No, there is no kaffarah for missing the fast because of the travelling; it is only wajib upon them to do the qaza after the month of Ramadhan. Remember that travelling is not haram in Ramadhan and so there is no question of kaffarah.

Prayer Times & Direction on a Plane

Use the following website to determine the Qibla & Salat timings throughout your flight. Simply input your departure and arrival airport, date, & time. For Ithna ‘Asheri users, ensure to adjust the option under ‘Prayer Calculation Method’. Once you do so, it will display your Salat times, and a diagram showing the Qibla direction on the plane at hourly intervals. Al-Ma’arif does not take responsibility for accuracy of the directions or salat timings displayed.

Click here to find the Qibla on your flight

Qibla Direction from Anywhere in the World

Use the following website to determine the direction of Qibla from any location on earth. Note that this method is highly accurate, in comparison to compass apps used on smartphones. Simply input your desired location, or allow the webpage to read your current location, and it will display the Qibla direction on a map accordingly. Al-Ma’arif does not take responsibility for accuracy of the salat timings displayed.

Click here to find the Qibla from any location.

Mobile AR Qibla Finder – Visually find the Qibla direction using AR (Augmented Reality) on your mobile phone:

Click here (Recommended for mobile use only)

Qasr Salat

Qasr Salat Explained

Prepared by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi ©Al-Ma’arif Foundation

Qasr prayers are to be done if you travel at least 44KM round-trip (ex 22km going, 22km coming back) OR 44KM one way from your city limits. If you live in the Toronto area, you can use the map below to calculate your travel distance from the GTA border.

Qasr Salat is to be prayed as follows:

Fajr – 2 Raka’at
Zuhr – 2 Raka’at
Asr – 2 Raka’at
Maghrib – 3 Raka’at
Isha – 2 Raka’at

If You Prayed Full Salat by Mistake

Prepared by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi ©Al-Ma’arif Foundation

If you knowingly prayed full salat when you were supposed to pray qasr, your salat is invalid. (For all other doubts related to salat, visit al-m.ca/salat)

If you accidentally prayed full salat out of ignorance of the following:

It is acceptable, your salat is valid

Your prayer is valid.

Your prayer is valid.

Travelling from the Greater Toronto Area (GTA)

Prepared by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi ©Al-Ma’arif Foundation

Use the map below to determine whether or not you will be considered a traveller when leaving the city boundaries of the GTA. Instructions as follows:

  1. Red markers have been placed at all major exit points of the GTA. If you know which point you’ll be leaving from (ex. 401 West from Milton), then click on your exit marker once. The ‘From’ box in the directions form below, will automatically enter that location’s coordinates as your starting point.
  2. Enter your destination in the ‘To’ box as desired, & click ‘Go’.
  3. Route directions will be shown, with the travel distance shown in kilometres.
  4. If the distance travelled outside city limits is at least 44KM round-trip (ex 22km going, 22km coming back) OR 44KM one way, you will be considered a traveller.

If you don’t know which exit point you’ll be taking along your route, simply:

  1. Input your actual trip start & end points (instead of using a marker), and click ‘Go’. The displayed route will show you which exit marker you’ll drive through on your trip.
  2. Click ‘Reset directions’, then click on the appropriate marker, & your starting point will automatically update. Click ‘Go’ for the updated distance & directions.

If the point that you exit the GTA is not at a marker, then simply:

  1. Input your actual trip start & end points (instead of using a marker), and click ‘Go’ to display your directions.
  2. On the map, drag the starting point (red marker labeled ‘A’) along the displayed route, up to the border limits. The directions list and KM distance will update accordingly.

Get Directions

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