Note that if none of the permissible/discouraged items are available (including the last resort items listed in the disallowed section), use the sleeve of your clothing as a last resort.
Click the buttons to see some example items.
Preferable items are those from the earth, or something that grows from it but not used as food or clothing.
-Tissue (sourced from wood, not other materials)
-Natural straw mat
-Tasbih beads (made from clay, not plastic)
-Maple leaf (not edible)
Note that the discouraged items are considered permissible but not preferable according to Ayatullah Sistani. The common opinion of other various mujtahideen is to disallow these items entirely.
-Turquoise (considered a precious stone)
-Aqiq (considered a precious stone)
-Marble (considered a precious stone)
-Granite (considered a precious stone)
-Asphalt (If there are no permissible or discouraged items available, this would be the ideal alternative, as a last resort)
-Tar (If there are no permissible or discouraged items available, this would be the ideal alternative, as a last resort)
-Silk paper (comes from silk, and is also used as an item of clothing)
-Gold/Silver coin and other metals (found in earth, but not considered to grow from it)
-Glass (created from sand, however underwent drastic transformation)
-Plastic (doesn’t grow from the earth)
-Water lilies (doesn’t grow from the earth)
-Pan leaf (edible item)
-Cotton (used as an item of clothing)
-Lettuce (edible item)